The 10 Key Benefits of Role Play to Children
What is role play for children and what are its benefits to children’s growth and development? Find out the answers here…
For children, role play is essentially learning through play. It is a fun and a ‘playful’ activity but is also a key component of a child's learning.
Role play is simply a type of pretend play where children get into character and act out a role or real life context.
Role play is an active, social activity and children use role play to reflect on and develop their knowledge of a topic.
Here are the 10 key benefits of role play for children:
Develops communication and language skills
Allows children to act out and make sense of real-life situations
Allows children to explore, investigate and experiment
Develops social skills as children collaborate with others
Encourages children to empathize: by taking on the role of character teaches children an understanding of different perspectives.
Helps children learn about different cultures
Encourages children to express their ideas and feelings in a relaxed environment
Develops children's awareness of themselves and others
Gets children learning more as learning is disguised as play
Sparks creativity and imagination
Why is role play with children so effective?
Role play is an effective learning tool as it encourages children to become active participants in their learning.
wear a costume and use props
move about and use their energy
put themselves in someone else’s shoes
communicate and make decisions in character
all of which will allow them to take risks and explore different areas.
Learning from role play is therefore far more likely to stick with children than for example doing exercise sheets, mostly because they will be much more willing and enthusiastic!
As a teacher, or as a parent it is a great sign if you see the children you teach in the playground acting out what they have just learnt.
This shows that you have grabbed their attention and engaged their curiosity.
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Role play is a safe copy of the real world for your child
Most role play sessions or areas will reflect a real life context.
Role play is, therefore, an effective way for children to make sense of the world around them.
Setting up a doctor's room, supermarket, police station or even swimming pool will allow children to explore these real life contexts.
In any role play area, there can be opportunities to develop children's writing and mathematical skills too.
Just leaving a pen and paper out will encourage children to write or mark-make without a fear of getting something wrong.
When setting up a supermarket, you could make blank shopping lists for the children to write on or give them pre-made shopping lists for them to collect items; so 3 oranges 5 lemons; this will encourage younger children to practice counting for a purpose other than assessment in a classroom.
Setting-up role play games with your child
By getting your child to create a role play area or session with you, your child is more likely to develop a sense of interest, understanding and even responsibility for it.
Leaving your child playing alone or with friends is good - it will let their imaginations take off.
But your presence sometimes is good too. Children can learn quickly the positive and negative impacts of their actions from role plays through the reaction of adults as well as their friends.
So if your child hits a teddy or doll as part of their role play, you can be there to let them know that is no good behaviour and show them a better way of behaving.
Rules for your child's role play
Children need to understand that the role play area or session is there for them to enjoy and happily play in - but that there are also rules.
For example, if a child rips up all the paper there will be nothing for them to draw on, or if they start pushing and not sharing then less friends will be allowed in at a time.
Impact on your child learning another language
Role play is one of the most effective ways of acquiring language:
This is great for learning language - both for children with English as an additional language and for native English speakers.
A child can repeat what they hear parents say or simply make up their own sentences.
As well as vocabulary and language, role play develops a toddler's communication skills as they communicate with each other in a safe environment.
In summary, role play gives children so much
In essence, role play provides opportunities to develop skills in various different areas of the curriculum for example: numbers, history, culture and many other areas.
Role play is a great way to learn at all ages!
Monroe’s Nursery - British Curriculum