Dr. Roya Pourghorban's Roya Medical Center is raising awareness for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome this September
12 September 2018| Last updated on 17 September 2018
What is PCOS?
A condition that causes hormonal imbalance and can affect women in reproductive age depending partially on their lifestyle and health conditions.
The real cause of PCOS is not yet fully determined. The affected women show a normal number of “primordial follicle”, however they have significantly higher number of primary and secondary follicles.
The criteria suggested by Rotterdam Consensus Group for diagnosis of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, includes the presence of 12 or more follicles measuring between 2 & 9 mm in diameter and/or an increased ovarian volume of greater than 10 cm3 based on this critera, PCOS can be diagnosed even without excess hair, irregular periods or acne and Ultrasound appearance and anovulatory cycle is enough to diagnosis this syndrome.
What are the symptoms of PCOS and how can it be diagnosed?
Amongst other symptoms, we can consider irregular periods. Any irregularity, heavy periods, intervals of more than 35 days can all indicate presence of the syndrome. High level of male hormones can also be a good indicator.
It can be observed as facial hair growth (excess body hair in general) and severe acne amongst most frequent signs. Polycystic ovaries are a valid symptom as well. The ovaries can be enlarged in size and contain follicles surrounding the eggs. The condition can result in malfunctioning of ovaries.
Will it affect me? Am I at risk?
PCOS affects about 15 to 20% of women in reproductive age based on Rotterdam criteria. The actual causes are not yet determined, however some genetic conditions and presence of PCOS within other members of the family can raise the risk of developing the syndrome.
Infertility affects about 40% of the patients with PCOS and spontaneous abortion rate is very high in PCOS and can reach up to 40 to 70%.
What are the complications of having PCOS?
- Fertility complications
- Miscarriage - Premature birth
- Type 2 diabetes
- Sleep apnea
- Depression, anxiety and eating disorders
- Abnormal uterine bleeding
- Cancer of the uterine lining (endometrial cancer)
How can it be treated?
The effective treatment options vary individually according to personal situation and by detecting the relevant causes in each case. For example if you are having PCOs and trying to get pregnant or if you have irregular period, the treatment will be different than when you are having other symptoms such as acne or hair loss.
In Roya Medical Center, Dr. Roya Pourghorban examines your condition carefully before suggesting the best options based on your individual situation.