5 year old | EWmums.com

5 year old

Children at this age come in all shapes and sizes, but all have a few things in common

Even at the age of 5 years old, despite now being school-age (and often talking as though they're 10 years older), your child still needs to incorporate play into their daily routine. They may seem wise beyond their years at time - with a little attitude to come with it - but ultimately, they're still your baby who's learning important development skills, and won't refuse a cuddle at the end of the day from their parents.

5 Year Old Milestones by EWmums

At this age, everything they're learning is more complex, including their play and imagination. They're probably more expressive with their feelings, more understanding, more active and will talk... A lot.

Here's what else you can expect from your mini-me at the age of 5!

Physical Milestones

Your 5 year old will be a lot more coordinated nowadays, and will no doubt love to show off their new physical abilities... Often to the point that they'll shout 'look at me!' for your attention. You'll also probably find that they can never sit still... And will wriggle and squirm while watching TV, at the dinner table or even while sleeping. But don't worry, this is normal.

Between 5 and 6 years old, your little one should be able to:

  • Ride a bicycle
  • Jump rope
  • Balance on one foot for a short period of time
  • Walk downstairs
  • Catch a large ball
  • Be interested in playing team sports, like netball or soccer
  • Tie their shoelaces
  • Use zips and buttons
  • Brush their hair
  • Use a knife - or at least practice, with supervision
  • Language Milestones

    When it comes to talking, they'll do it... A lot. Sometimes even when nobody is in the room with them to listen. You'll find they're using full complex sentences, and will have adult-like conversations - much to your enjoyment. They'll understand jokes, riddles and will enjoy participating during show and tell at school.

    Here's what else they'll no doubt be doing:

  • 5 - 10 new words every day
  • Using more complex sentences
  • Talk clearly and complete words
  • Understand jokes, riddles and 'toilet humour'
  • Make and express small decisions
  • Communicate what they want to eat or wear
  • Can understand other people's points of view
  • Express trickier emotions, like jealous or frustration
  • Cognitive Milestones

    You've probably noticed that the attention span you child has will have increased significantly, and they can now pay attention for longer than before. Your little one will also be able to understand the concept of time (today, tomorrow, yesterday) fully, and also know the seasons, recognise words by sight and try to sound out words. They may even read on their own, too!

    Here's what else you can expect from a cognitive point of view:

  • Seeing other people's points of view
  • More complex play and imagination
  • More patient
  • More independence - but they still need you!
  • Making small decisions
  • Say their full name, address, age and birthday
  • Write their own name
  • Draw more realistic pictures
  • Understand the importance of rules
  • Follow household chores
  • Read picture books
  • Copy letters, or even from memory
  • Emotional and Social Milestones

    At this age, your child will be able to express their feelings clearly - but may still need a little help to identify and talk about trickier emotions, like frustration and/or jealousy. Their independence is shining through at this point, but they'll still need your love and attention.

    Here's what else they'll most likely do on an emotional and social level:

  • Express feelings clearly
  • Understand trickier emotions like jealousy/frustration
  • Better control over their feelings
  • Fewer unexpected outbursts of anger/sadness
  • More patience, and open to reasoning
  • Seeks approval, but may not respond well to criticism
  • Enjoy play-dates with class-mates
  • Connect with family members
  • Warning Signals

    Like we always say, children develop and grow at their own pace, so don't worry too much if your child hasn't reached all of these milestones by the age of 5.

    However, you should notice gradual progression as they get closer to 5 years, and if you don't - there may be possible developmental delays. If any of the below occur (or don't), seek advice from your child's doctor.

  • Difficultly understanding when they talk
  • Inability to speak in full sentences
  • Has trouble following simple directions
  • Inappropriate or challenging behaviour
  • No interest in letters or writing their own name
  • Withdrawn, worried or depressed
  • Serious separation anxiety
  • Doesn't interact well with others
  • Wets or soils their pants during the day
  • Has difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep
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